Dating clay pipes
The clay tobacco pipe is an exceptional tool for dating archaeological sites from the historic period because it has undergone a series of stylistic changes over its history of production. The importance of these stylistic changes becomes apparent when one considers that the fragile nature and inexpensive cost of clay pipes resulted in their being smoked, broken and discarded all within the period of a year or two. A large part of the research on clay pipes has dealt with the identification of marks with which makers identified their product. If a particular mark and pipe bowl can be identified, then so can its place of origin, the date range within which it was made and therefore, a basic time frame for when it was deposited. This article deals specifically with the marked clay tobacco pipes excavated from Ferryland, NL, encompassing examples from both the 17th and 18th centuries. The origins of the clay tobacco pipe date back to the s when tobacco smoking first became fashionable in England. According to William Harrison “In these daies the taking-in of the smoke of the Indian herbe called ‘Tobaco’ by an instrument formed like a little ladell, whereby it passeth from the mouth into the head and stomach, is gretlie taken-up and used in England” Harrison as cited in Oswald It is not known for certain whether these early smoking instruments were made of clay, but by the s, there is specific reference to the use of clay pipes fashioned for tobacco smoking Oswald By the early part of the 17th century, the clay tobacco pipe industry began to develop in many local centres throughout Britain and in many parts of the Netherlands. Most of these locally-made clay pipes had a limited distribution within their area of manufacture but in the cases of port towns and overseas trading centres, some clay pipes were shipped to the North American colonies.
Pamplin Clay Tobacco Pipes
The making of tobacco pipes from clay, historically by press moulding but more recently also by slip casting see also wooden pipe making. Tobacco was first brought to England during the Tudor period, and was smoked in a clay pipe. Clay tobacco pipe making began c.
Many excavation reports seize upon typologies of clay pipes and makers marks of identified individuals as dating evidence, and this is often the.
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Clay Tobacco Pipe Studies: Where Will the 21st century Bring Us?
The guide even includes an illustrated list of the different kinds of mud , which in its seriousness may be amusing to some! Most locations have either patches or whole banks of shingle, some interspersed with areas of sand, others with areas of mud. For most visitors the fragments of clay tobacco pipe are the most memorable novelties, and a trademark of the Thames foreshore.
18th century clay tobacco pipe factory found in Bath. 10/24/ A clay pipe factory dating back to the 18th century has been found intact.
The surface of Jacksonville ” Blue China ” shipwreck contained a widely scattered cargo of 63 clay tobacco pipes from which a sample of 16 examples were recovered in two different styles: 13 examples of a ribbed type also referred to as fluted or cockled featuring raised vertical lines extending along the bowl. The pipes were produced in different two-part molds and all are made from white clay.
A number of the examples were recovered broken. All of the pipes have an integral stem whereby the pipe bowl and long stem were manufactured as a single piece. The examples vary in levels of preservation from largely intact pipe bowls and stems to fragmentary examples consisting of just a surviving bowl sometimes broken with very little of the original stem extant.
Several of the pipes are heavily stained by what appears to be iron oxide; this may be due to alterations of the clay from the salt water environment or perhaps due to adjacent artifacts or ship structures. If indeed British, the pipe is likely to have been made from white ball clay, deposits of which are indigenous to Dorset and Devonshire in southwest England. Ball clay was largely used in England, which was a major exporter in the midth century.
The initials themselves became a trademark used to denote a certain brand. Today they represent a major diagnostic decorative attribute, having been excavated throughout America in contexts dating from the midth century into the early 20th century. Please wait Current Stock:. Buy in bulk and save.
Clay Tobacco Pipes
The skill and experience of the individual undertaking the work will play a large part in determining how accurate and reliable any assessment of dating is, and specialist advice should certainly be taken when dealing with large assemblages or those where the pipe dating is fundamental to the excavated deposits. But it is certainly possible for a good assessment of date to be made by considering the key characteristics of any given pipe or pipe assemblage, guidelines for which are given below.
They can be used to indicate whether a context group is likely to contain residual material, or whether it represents a coherent and potentially tightly dated group. They can also be used to check any dates provided by associated bowl forms, marks or decoration, which can be especially useful for smaller contexts where only a few such pieces are present. There are always exceptions but, in broad terms, stems can usually be allocated to one of three general date ranges by assessing their form, stem bore, fabric and finish.
As a result, fragments usually show a clear taper along their length and can be quite chunky if the fragment comes from near the bowl.
Intact Dutch 17th century merchantman found in Gulf of Finland.
CLAY TOBACCO PIPE STEMS FOUND IN CUMBERLAND
Pipes of clay were first smoked in England after the introduction of tobacco from Virginia in the late 16th Century. Devon born sea captain, Sir Walter Raleigh , who founded colonies in the New World, was one of the first to promote this novel habit, although religious leaders did not approve and persecuted people for it. In the native Indian tribes of what we now call America, smoking had already been an important ritual that had been practiced for many centuries before.
The clay tobacco pipe is an artefact that became synonymous of pipes of mid to late eighteenth-century date at After this date Dutch pipes are uncommon in.
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Adding product to your basket. This is the first of two monographs which presents the results of archaeological and historical research in the village of Rainford, near St Helens, Merseyside. The manufacture of pottery and clay tobacco pipes became an important cottage industry for the local community. This book explores the fresh evidence from the excavations, as well as the results of meticulous historical research into the pottery industry of Rainford and its surrounding area and into the lives of the people who lived in Rainford from the 17th century onwards.
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related to the pipe industry and the pipe makers, allowing for accurate dating of marked and decorated pipes. Additionally, clay tobacco pipes are extremely.
Important User Information: Remote access to EBSCO’s databases is permitted to patrons of subscribing institutions accessing from remote locations for personal, non-commercial use. However, remote access to EBSCO’s databases from non-subscribing institutions is not allowed if the purpose of the use is for commercial gain through cost reduction or avoidance for a non-subscribing institution. Source: Northeast Historical Archaeology. Author s : McMillan, Lauren K. Abstract: There are currently three formula dating techniques available to archaeologists studying 17th- and 18th-century colonial sites with imported white, ball-clay, tobacco-pipe stems.
The formulas are based on Harrington’s histogram of time periods: Binford’s linear formula, Hanson’s ten linear formulas, and the Heighton and Deagan curvilinear formula.